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General Studies 3 >> Economy

MOONLIGHTING POLICY

 

MOONLIGHTING POLICY

Source: indianexpress
 
 

CONTEXT

Swiggy recently announced an “industry-first” policy of allowing its employees to take up gigs or projects outside of their regular employment at the company, during their hours away from work. Swiggy calls these new norms the “moonlighting” policy

MOONLIGHTING

Moonlighting is the act of working at an extra job beyond regular working hours, usually without the knowledge of the employer. Since the side job was mostly at nighttime or on weekends, it was referred to as moonlighting. The term gained popularity when workers in the US started seeking a second job beyond their regular 9-to-5 work for additional income

QUIET QUITTING

Quiet quitting doesn't refer to employees leaving their jobs, but instead, doing the bare minimum required of them. This could entail leaving work exactly at the end of one’s shift, demanding additional pay for extra work, not signing up for ambitious projects, separating one's identity from their job, and/or setting clear work-life boundaries

While some acknowledge the need to strike a healthy work-life balance through quiet quitting, others consider it to be lazy, disloyal, and potentially indicative of an overall downward spiral

HUSTLE CULTURE

Hustle culture is defined as one that encourages employees to work more than normal working hours. Work is on their minds even when they have free time on holidays. The major requirement of this culture is to complete a job on target at a faster pace than usual

SWIGGY MOONLIGHT POLICY

  • The projects have been divided into two buckets A & B. List A projects are highly-sensitive, leveraging professional know-how.
  • List B are projects that fall under the space of interests and hobbies, that are non-professional in nature,” said YaminiKoganti in the blog, an HR professional who helped develop the policy at Swiggy.
  • According to the policy, projects that are picked up for economic consideration and/or fall under List A will need to be declared by the employee, and they can be taken up only if they are approved by Swiggy.
  • Any project or activity that is taken up outside office hours or on the weekend, without affecting productivity, and does not have a conflict of interest; can be picked up by the employees.
  • The employee will have to declare a few necessary details so that the teams can green-light the project. For example, an employee involved in Data Science at Swiggy said she will work on an outside project on enabling a smart spaces platform based on Internet of Things intelligence.

REASON WHY PEOPLE OPT FOR MOONLIGHTING

1) Additional income The main reason for going above and beyond an existing job is earning more money.

2) New skills - working in a different role can allow a person to develop new skills, explore related domains and connect with more people.

REASONS FOR QUIET QUITTING

 Firstly, it has increased the number of hours employees spend working, thus contributing to increased levels of burnout

Secondly, while employees have shown varying levels of productivity for decades, remote work has allowed these employees to slack off unnoticed.

Thirdly, remote work has introduced novel concepts such as Fridays off, digital meetings, and flexible work hours. After experiencing the benefits of such arrangements, workers may be reluctant to go back to the old way of doing things.

 

EMPLOYER’s CONCERNS

  • But employers are suspicious of this practice often because it can mean that a worker may not give their organization the time it needs, and not give any extra time to either organization.
  • Holidays and time off are also meant to rest a worker and improve their efficiency, but taking on another job could make this difficult.
  • In India, private companies usually do not allow holding multiple jobs. Shops and Establishment Acts of various states restrict double employment as well but vary in application especially when it comes to highly-specialized industries.

CAUSES FOR INCREASE IN MOONLIGHTING

  • Covid Induced lockdowns- increased the tendency to moonlight among workers in certain industries.
  • Financial insecurity- at the time, working from home allowed a few categories of workers to get more work done, freeing up time for a second job.
  • The gig economy concept-it has gained greater legitimacy in recent years, too

WHETHER IT IS LEGAL OR ILLEGAL

Software Services Company Wipro and Infosys have taken a stance on moonlighting. Companies have warned their employees that dual employment is not permitted and that any violation of the contract clauses will trigger disciplinary action “which could even lead to termination of employment”.

 While Swiggy allowed its employees to take up side gigs as long as they didn't affect their full-time work at the company.

WHO STUDY ON LONG WORKING HOURS

In the first global study of the loss of life associated with longer working hours, the paper in the journal Environment International showed that 745,000 people died from a stroke and heart disease associated with long working hours in 2016. That was an increase of nearly 30 percent from 2000

Working 55 hours or more per week is a serious health hazard.

It also showed that people living in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific region, a WHO-defined region that includes China, Japan, and Australia, were the most affected

 


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