APP Users: If unable to download, please re-install our APP.
Only logged in User can create notes
Only logged in User can create notes

General Studies 2 >> International Relations

audio may take few seconds to load



1. Context 

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently introduced the India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC), an ambitious and transformative project involving India, the UAE, Saudi Arabia, the European Union, France, Italy, Germany, and the United States.
  • IMEC aims to strengthen economic integration between India, West Asia, and Europe, promoting connectivity and sustainable development on a global scale.

2. India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC)

  • The India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) is a proposed rail and shipping corridor that would connect India, the Middle East, and Europe.
  • The project is part of the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII), a collaborative effort by G7 nations to fund infrastructure projects in developing nations.
  • The IMEC is seen as a potential rival to China's Belt and Road Initiative.
  • The Belt and Road Initiative is a massive infrastructure project that aims to connect China to Europe and Africa.
  • The IMEC is smaller in scale, but it could still have a significant impact on the global economy.
Image Source: Indian Post English

3. Project Objectives

IMEC has three primary objectives:

  1. Facilitating Trade: IMEC seeks to boost trade among participating countries, with a particular emphasis on energy products. It presents a robust response to China's extensive infrastructure network, which aims to integrate the world into its economy.

  2. Comprehensive Connectivity: IMEC includes various components such as a rail link, electricity cable, hydrogen pipeline, and high-speed data cable. These elements create a sustainable and extensive network, enhancing connectivity across continents and civilizations.

  3. Green and Digital Bridge: European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen aptly termed IMEC as "a green and digital bridge," underlining the project's commitment to environmentally friendly practices and digital advancements, aligning it with the global push for sustainable development.

4. Rationale for the Project

IMEC's development is driven by three compelling reasons:

  1. Prosperity Enhancement: IMEC is expected to enhance prosperity among participating nations by facilitating the flow of energy resources and digital communications, promoting economic growth and stability.

  2. Infrastructure Development: Addressing the infrastructure deficit in lower- and middle-income countries is a critical aspect of IMEC. The project aims to provide the necessary infrastructure for sustained economic growth.

  3. Regional Stability: IMEC has the potential to reduce instability and insecurity emanating from the Middle East, providing a platform for diplomacy and cooperation among nations in the region.

Furthermore, IMEC stands out as a transparent and high-standard initiative that operates without coercion, making it an appealing prospect for the involved countries and the international community.

5. Benefits of the Project

IMEC carries significant benefits, including:

  1. Increased Trade and Investment: The project is expected to boost trade and investment between the involved countries, promoting economic growth.

  2. Enhanced Connectivity and Cooperation: IMEC will foster improved connectivity and cooperation between the regions, creating a more integrated global landscape.

  3. Economic Growth: The project has the potential to stimulate economic growth in the participating countries, leading to improved living standards.

  4. Conflict Mitigation: IMEC could help reduce the risk of conflict in the Middle East by fostering diplomacy and collaboration.

  5. Challenge to Belt and Road Initiative: IMEC presents a formidable challenge to China's Belt and Road Initiative by offering an alternative, transparent, and sustainable model of infrastructure development.

6. The Way Forward

  • The India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) represents a landmark project poised to promote economic integration, trade, and stability among participating nations.
  • It also stands as a countermeasure to China's Belt and Road Initiative.
  • This ambitious endeavour heralds a new era of international collaboration and development, promising a brighter future for the countries involved and the global community at large.
For Prelims: India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC), Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment, G7, China's Belt and Road Initiative, rail link, electricity cable, hydrogen pipeline, high-speed data cable, 
For Mains: 
1. Discuss the significance of the India Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) in the context of India's foreign policy. How does IMEC contribute to India's goal of economic integration with West Asia and Europe? (250 Words)
Previous Year Questions
1. The Global Infrastructure Facility is a/an (UPSC 2017)
A. ASEAN initiative to upgrade infrastructure in Asia and financed credit from the Asian Development Bank.
B. World Bank collaboration that facilitates the preparation and structuring of complex infrastructure Public-Private Partnership (PPPs) to enable mobilization of private sector and institutional investor capital.
C. Collaboration among the major banks of the world working with the OECD and focused on expanding the set of infrastructure projects that have the potential to mobilize private investment.
D. UNCTAD funded initiative that seeks to finance and facilitate infrastructure development in the world.
Answer: B
2. In which one of the following groups are all the four countries members of G20?
(UPSC 2020)
A. Argentina, Mexico, South Africa and Turkey
B. Australia, Canada, Malaysia and New Zealand
C. Brazil, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam
D. Indonesia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea
Answer: A
3. Belt and Road Initiative is sometimes mentioned in the news in the context of the affairs of (UPSC 2016)
A. African Union    B. Brazil            C. European Union      D. China
Answer: D
4. The 'Belt and Road Initiative' (also known as 'One Belt, One Road') is a ______ based project. Under this initiative, there is a plan to renovate the old Silk Road. (DSSSB Patwari 2019) 
A. Kazakhstan      B.  Japan     C. China            D. South Korea
Answer: C
5. In the context of proposals to the use of hydrogen-enriched CNG (H-CNG) as fuel for buses in public transport, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2019)
1. The main advantage of the use of H-CNG is the elimination of carbon monoxide emissions. 2. H-CNG as a fuel reduces carbon dioxide and hydrocarbon emissions.
3. Hydrogen up to one-fifth by volume can be blended with CNG as fuel for buses.
4. H-CNG makes the fuel less expensive than CNG.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 only     B.  2 and 3 only        C. 4 only         D. 1, 2, 3 and 4
Answer: B
6. With reference to 'fuel cells' in which hydrogen-rich fuel and oxygen are used to generate electricity, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2015)
1. If pure hydrogen is used as a fuel, the fuel cell emits heat and water as by-products.
2. Fuel cells can be used for powering buildings and not for small devices like laptop computers.
3. Fuel cells produce electricity in the form of Alternating Current (AC)
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 only          B. 2 and 3 only        C. 1 and 3 only             D. 1, 2 and 3
Answer: A
Source: The Indian Express

Share to Social