Mains Practice Question


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What is cyber kidnapping? Discuss the major cybercrimes reported in India in 2022, according to data released by the National Crime Records Bureau.
A Simple Introduction about Cyber Kidnapping

Cyber kidnapping is a form of crime where perpetrators manipulate victims into believing that a loved one has been abducted and demand ransom for their release. This nefarious tactic involves coercing victims to hide while contacting their family or friends for ransom. Perpetrators may use fabricated evidence, such as manipulated images or threatening messages, to convince victims of the authenticity of the kidnapping.

It is the central part of the answer and one should understand the demand of the question to provide rich content.

Cybercrimes in India

  • According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), cybercrimes in India witnessed a significant increase in 2022, with a 24% rise compared to the previous year.
  • The NCRB report 'Crime in India' highlighted that out of 65,893 cybercrime cases registered, fraud accounted for 64.8% of the cases, followed by extortion (5.5%) and sexual exploitation (5.2%).
  • Economic offences, including forgery, cheating, and fraud (FCF), constituted a significant portion of cybercrimes, with 1,70,901 cases reported in the previous year.
  • Crimes against women also saw a rise, with 4,45,256 cases registered in 2022, showing a 4% increase compared to 2021. These included cases of cruelty by husband or relatives, kidnapping, abduction, assault, and rape.

Impact of Cyber Kidnapping

  • Cyber kidnapping not only inflicts emotional distress on victims and their families but also poses significant financial risks. Victims may succumb to the pressure of paying ransom out of fear for their loved one's safety, leading to financial loss.
  • The psychological trauma experienced by victims can have long-lasting effects, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Moreover, cyber kidnapping undermines trust in online communication channels and creates a sense of insecurity among internet users.

Preventive Measures

  • To mitigate the risk of falling victim to cyber kidnapping, individuals should exercise caution while sharing personal information online, especially on social media platforms.
  • It is essential to verify the authenticity of any distress calls or messages received and refrain from acting impulsively under pressure.
  • Maintaining strong cybersecurity practices, such as using secure passwords, updating security software, and avoiding suspicious links or emails, can help prevent cybercrimes.
The ending of the answer should be on a positive note and it should have a forward-looking approach.

Cyber kidnapping represents a grave threat in the digital age, exploiting the vulnerabilities of individuals and exploiting their fears for financial gain. As cybercrimes continue to evolve, law enforcement agencies and cybersecurity experts must collaborate in combatting these threats and safeguarding individuals' online safety and security. Additionally, raising awareness about the tactics employed by cybercriminals and promoting responsible online behaviour can empower individuals to protect themselves and their loved ones from falling victim to cyber kidnapping and other forms of online extortion.

Other Points to Consider 

Artificial intelligence

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Previous Year Questions

1. What are the different elements of cyber security? Keeping in view the challenges in cyber security, examine the extent to which India has successfully developed a comprehensive National Cyber Security Strategy. (2022)

2. Discuss different types of cyber crimes and measures required to be taken to fight the menace. (2020)

3. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it. (2017)


05-Apr 2024