Mains Practice Question


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The relationship between India and Maldives is going through considerable strain. Discuss.
A Simple Introduction about India and Maldives Relations
The relationship between India and the Maldives dates back centuries, with cultural and people-to-people contacts forming a strong foundation. India has been a key partner in the Maldives' development, providing economic and security assistance. The Maldives' location in the Indian Ocean makes it strategically important to India. India has a vested interest in maintaining stability in the region.
It is the central part of the answer and one should understand the demand of the question to provide rich content.

The strain in the India-Maldives relationship has been exacerbated by several recent incidents:

  • Social Media Controversy: A social media dispute erupted after Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's posts promoting tourism in the Lakshadweep islands. Maldivian politicians and officials responded with offensive and derogatory comments directed at Indians and PM Modi, escalating the situation.
  • Diplomatic Friction: Diplomatic tensions escalated with controversies surrounding the two Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH), the presence of Indian military personnel in the Maldives, and the termination of agreements allowing India to conduct hydrographic surveys in Maldivian waters.
  • Economic Challenges: The Maldives faces economic challenges, highlighted by a World Bank report in 2022 warning of the need for revenue generation and expenditure reforms to avert a future economic crisis.
The ending of the answer should be on a positive note and it should have a forward-looking approach.

Despite the recent strains in bilateral relations, the ties between India and the Maldives remain significant. Indian tourists continue to be among the top visitors to the Maldives, highlighting the enduring people-to-people connections. However, addressing the diplomatic and economic challenges is crucial to restoring the historical friendship and cooperation between the two nations.

Other Points to Consider 

Important places of Maldives and Lakshadweep

Atolls of Maldives


Previous Year Questions

1. India is an age-old friend of Sri Lanka.’ Discuss India’s role in the recent crisis in Sri Lanka in the light of the preceding statement. (2022)

2. The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (2021)


05-Apr 2024