UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
Recently, The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) released the Civil Services 2022 exam results.
The Civil services are among the most prestigious exams in the country, with around 10 lakhs taking them each year to qualify for the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and Indian Foreign Service, among others.
2. History of UPSC
- The UPSC has its genesis in the Civil Service Commission set up by the British government in 1854.
- Before this, civil servants in India were nominated by the East India Company and then trained at Haileybury College in London.
- However, following a report by Lord Thomas Macaulay, it was decided that instead of nominations, civil servants should be selected through a competitive exam.
- Thus, the Civil Service Commission was set up and for some years, exams were held only in London.
- It was a decade later, in 1864, that Satyendranath Tagore (brother of Rabindranath Tagore) became the first Indian to clear the exam.
- The exam started being held in India only in 1922, after the First World War.
Image Source: The Indian Express
3. In Independent India
- The origin of the Public Service Commission in India is found in the First Dispatch of the Government of India on the Indian Constitutional Reforms on the 5th of March 1919 Which referred to the need for setting up some permanent office charged with the regulation of service matters.
- This concept of a body intended to be charged primarily with the regulation of service matters found a somewhat more practical shape in the Government of India Act, of 1919.
- Section 96(C) of the Act provided for the establishment in India of a Public Service Commission which should discharge, regarding recruitment and control of the Public Services in India, such functions as may be assigned thereto by rules made by the Secretary of State in Council.
- On October 1, 1926, the Public Service Commission was set up in India.
- The functions of the Public Service Commission were not laid down in the Government of India Act, 1919, but were regulated by the Public Service Commission (Functions) Rules, 1926 framed under sub-section (2) of Section 96 (C) of the Government of India Act, 1919.
- Further, the Government of India Act, of 1935 envisaged a Public Service Commission for the Federation and a Provincial Public Service Commission for each Province or group of Provinces.
- Therefore, in terms of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935 and with its coming into effect on 1st April 1937, the Public Service Commission became the Federal Public Service Commission.
- After independent India adopted its Constitution on January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Service Commission, under Clause (1) of Article 378 of the Constitution.
- All expenses for the UPSC are paid from the Consolidated Fund of India.
4. Functions of UPSC
Functions of UPSC include
- Conducting examinations for appointment to the services of the Union
- Direct recruitment by selection through interviews
- Appointment of officers on promotion or deputation or absorption
- Framing and amendment of Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government
- Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services
- Advising the Government on any matter referred to the Commission by the President of India.
For Prelims: Union Public Service Commission, Lord Thomas Macaulay, Haileybury College, Satyendranath Tagore, Indian Constitutional Reforms, Government of India Act, 1919, Public Service Commission, Public Service Commission (Functions) Rules, 1926, Government of India Act, of 1935, Article 378 of the Constitution, Consolidated Fund of India,
1. What is Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)? Discuss its evolution and Explain the functions of UPSC. (250 Words)
Previous Year Questions
1. The Union Public Service Commission of India has been established under the Article ______ (MP Patwari 2017)
A. 315 B. 234 C. 421 D. 56
2. T.B. Macaulay has penned his 'Minute on Education' in the year (AP SET 2016)
A.1735 B. 1753 C. 1853 D.1835
3. Which of the following is NOT true about Mill's History of British India? (UGC NET 2019)
A. It founded the traditional institutions of India static and retrogressive
B. The analysis made by Mill suited the needs of imperial government.
C. It became a textbook on India for the British officers of the Indian Civil Services at Haileybury College
D. It was not informed by the English utilitarian philosophy
4. Who among the following was the first Indian to qualify for the Indian Civil Service? (NDA 2019)
1. Satyendranath Tagore
2. Surendranath Banerjee
3. R.C. Dutt
4. Subhas Chandra Bose
5. Which among the following events happened earliest? (UPSC 2018)
A. Swami Dayanand established Arya Samaj.
B. Dinabandhu Mitra wrote Neel Darpan
C. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote Anandmath.
D. Satyendranath Tagore became the first Indian to succeed in the Indian Civil Services Examination.
6. In the Government of India Act 1919, the functions of Provincial Government were divided into "Reserved" and "Transferred" subjects. Which of the following were treated as "Reserved" subjects? (UPSC 2022)
1. Administration of Justice
2. Local Self-Government
3. Land Revenue
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
A. 1, 2 and 3 B. 2, 3 and 4 C. 1, 3 and 4 D. 1, 2 and 4
7. Features of the Government of India Act 1935 are: (Rajasthan Police SI 2016)
(a) The provincial autonomy
(b) The establishment of Federal Court
(c) The establishment of All India Federation at the Centre
1. a and b 2. b and c 3. a and c 4. a, b and c
8. With reference to the Union Government, consider the following statements: (UPSC 2015)
1. The Department of Revenue responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the Parliament.
2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India without the authorization from the Parliament of India
3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need authorization from the Parliament of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 and 2 only B. 2 and 3 only C. 2 only D. 1, 2 and 3
Source: The Indian Express