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General Studies 1 >> Art& Culture

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1. Context
Women of the Sandur Lambani tribe, many in their twilight years, who skilfully stitched together their lives and livelihoods with the textile art that made their name famous now watch helplessly as that tapestry slowly comes undone
2. Lambani Art
Lambani Art
  • Lambani art refers to the traditional art and craft practices of the Lambani community, an indigenous group in India.
  • The Lambani people, also known as the Banjara, have a rich cultural heritage that includes a distinctive style of art and embroidery.
  • Lambani art has a long and rich history. It is believed to have originated in the 15th century, when the Lambani people migrated to India from Central Asia.
  • Lambani art was originally used for practical purposes, such as decorating tents and clothing. However, it soon developed into a more sophisticated form of art, which was used to express the Lambani people's culture and beliefs.
  • Lambani art is still practiced today by many Lambani communities. It is a vibrant and dynamic art form that continues to evolve and change

3. Key Features of the Art


Here are some key aspects of Lambani art:

  1. Embroidery: Lambani art is perhaps best known for its intricate embroidery work. Lambani women are skilled embroiderers and create beautiful designs on textiles, including clothing, wall hangings, and other fabric items. The embroidery typically features vibrant colors, mirror work, and intricate patterns. This embroidery is often used to embellish garments and household items.

  2. Mirror Work: Mirror work is a hallmark of Lambani embroidery. Small pieces of mirror are stitched onto the fabric in intricate patterns, creating a reflective and dazzling effect. These mirrors are usually surrounded by colorful threads and other embellishments.

  3. Traditional Designs: Lambani embroidery often incorporates traditional designs and motifs that have been passed down through generations. These designs are symbolic and reflect the Lambani culture and heritage. Common motifs include peacocks, flowers, birds, and geometric patterns.

  4. Use of Vibrant Colors: Lambani art is known for its use of vibrant and contrasting colors. Bright shades of red, blue, green, yellow, and orange are commonly used to create eye-catching designs.

  5. Textile Art: While embroidery is a prominent feature of Lambani art, the community also engages in other textile-related crafts. This includes weaving, appliqué work, and the creation of beadwork and tassels that adorn clothing and accessories.

  6. Cultural Significance: Lambani art is not just about aesthetics; it also holds cultural and social significance within the Lambani community. The art is often used to decorate traditional attire worn during special occasions and festivals.

  7. Contemporary Adaptations: In recent years, Lambani art has also found its way into contemporary fashion and home decor. Designers and artisans have incorporated Lambani embroidery and motifs into modern clothing, accessories, and interior design.

4. Lambani Community

The Lambani community, also known as the Banjara community, is an indigenous group primarily found in India. They have a rich cultural heritage, distinct traditions, and a unique way of life. Here are some key aspects of the Lambani community:

  1. Origin and Migration: The Lambani people are believed to have originated from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in northwestern India. They are known for their historical nomadic lifestyle and extensive migrations. Over the centuries, they have dispersed across various parts of India.

  2. Language: Lambani people often speak a language known as Lambadi or Lamani, which belongs to the Indo-Aryan language group. However, many Lambani individuals are also multilingual and may speak the regional languages of the areas they inhabit.

  3. Nomadic Heritage: Historically, the Lambani community was nomadic, traveling with their cattle and goods in caravans. They were skilled traders, known for their ability to cover long distances. While some Lambani families still maintain semi-nomadic or itinerant lifestyles, many have settled in permanent communities.

  4. Livelihood: The traditional livelihood of the Lambani community was centered around trading, particularly in textiles, cattle, and goods. They were known for their trading caravans that traversed the Indian subcontinent. Today, some Lambani people continue to be involved in trading and agriculture, while others have diversified into various professions and trades.

  5. Art and Culture: The Lambani community is renowned for its vibrant art and culture. This includes Lambani art and embroidery, as mentioned in the previous response. Their traditional attire, adorned with intricate embroidery and mirror work, is a significant cultural symbol. Music, dance, and folk traditions also play an important role in their culture.

  6. Religion: The Lambani community follows a variety of religious beliefs, including Hinduism and syncretic forms of worship. They often incorporate elements of nature worship and have their own unique religious practices and rituals.

  7. Social Structure: The Lambani community has a distinct social structure with its own hierarchy and leadership. The community is typically organized into various clans or subgroups, each with its own leadership. Elders and community leaders play a significant role in decision-making.

  8. Challenges: Like many indigenous communities, the Lambani people face various challenges, including economic and social disparities, access to education and healthcare, and issues related to land rights. Efforts have been made to address these challenges and improve the well-being of Lambani communities.

  9. Recognition and Identity: In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the Lambani community's cultural and artistic contributions. Their unique art forms have gained appreciation not only in India but also internationally.

5. Way forward
Overall, the Lambani community is known for its colorful culture, rich traditions, and the resilience of its people in the face of changing times. While some Lambani individuals have embraced modern ways of life, they continue to cherish and preserve their cultural heritage


Previous Year Questions

1 Consider the following statements about G-20: (UPSC CSE 2023)

  1. The G20 group was originally established as a platform for finance ministers and central bank governors to discuss international economic and financial issues.
  2. Digital public infrastructure is one of India's G-20 priorities

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only 
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: c

Source: indianexpress

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