Mains Practice Question


Upload you handwritten answers photos in comment section. Our team will check and reach you ASAP.


How the South China Sea situation unfolds will be critical to India’s security. Discuss.


A Simple Introduction about  South China Sea

The South China Sea is a region located south of the Chinese mainland, bordered by countries including Brunei, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Territorial disputes over the South China Sea have persisted for decades among these nations. However, tensions have intensified in recent years. The South China Sea is strategically significant due to its maritime routes and potential natural resources. Various countries seek control over parts of it to assert their influence in the region.



You may incorporate some of the following points in the body of your answer:

Importance of the South China Sea for India's Security

The situation in the South China Sea holds critical implications for India's security, and several key factors underscore its significance.

Historical and Economic Significance

Contrary to China's claims, the South China Sea is not exclusively its territory but a vital global commons. It has historically served as a crucial maritime route, facilitating uninterrupted passage for trade and navigation for millennia. India has a rich maritime heritage in these waters, dating back over 1,500 years, with evidence of extensive trade connections from Malaysia to China.

Economic Interests

The South China Sea region plays a pivotal role in global trade, with nearly $200 billion worth of trade passing through its waters. Additionally, thousands of Indian citizens are engaged in studying, working, and investing in ASEAN countries, China, Japan, and South Korea. Thus, ensuring peace, stability, and freedom of navigation in the region is vital for India's economic prosperity and interests.

Support for Regional Peace and Stability

India, like other nations in the region, has a vested interest in maintaining peace and stability in the South China Sea. Freedom of passage and routine activities with friendly countries are essential for fostering economic growth and regional cooperation.


The ending of the answer should be on a positive note and it should have a forward-looking approach.

The situation in the South China Sea holds significant implications for India's security and broader regional stability. As a region of historical and economic importance, the South China Sea's role as a global common and vital maritime route underscores the need for maintaining peace and stability. India's engagement in the region is driven by its historical connections, economic interests, and commitment to upholding freedom of navigation. By supporting efforts to ensure peace and stability in the South China Sea, India contributes to a conducive environment for economic growth and cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region.


Other Points to Consider 

Islands of South China Sea
What is nine dash line?
Importance of the South China Sea

Previous Year Questions

1. With respect to the South China sea, maritime territorial disputes and rising tension affirm the need for safeguarding maritime security to ensure freedom of navigation and over flight throughout the region. In this context, discuss the bilateral issues between India and China. (2014)
2. “The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (2021)


21-May 2024