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General Studies 3 >> Agriculture

National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

National Mission For Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

 

Context

President of the French Republic H.E. Mr. Emmanuel Macron hosted Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, on a brief working visit to Paris.

Seven years after the adoption of the Paris Agreement and the joint launch of the International Solar Alliance.

India and France's commitment to tackle climate change is stronger than ever, both in mitigation and adaptation.

Key points

  • Sustaining agricultural productivity relay on the quality and availability of natural resources like soil and water.
  • Indian agriculture is largely irrigated covering about 60 per cent of the country's net sown area and accounts for 40 per cent of the total food production.
  • NMSA derives its mandate from the Sustainable Agriculture Mission which is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
  • The strategies and programmers of actions (POA) were approved by Prime Minister's Council on Climate Change (PMCCC).
 
The ten key dimensions confining Indian Agriculture namely,
 
  • Improved crop seeds,
  • livestock and fish cultures,
  • Water use efficiency,
  • Pest Management,
  • Improved Farm Practices,
  • Nutrient Management,
  • Agricultural Insurance,
  • Credit support,
  • Markets Access to Information,
  • livelihood diversification.
NMSA architecture's newly proposed programmes,
  • Soil and water conservation
  • Water use efficiency
  • Soil health management
  • Rainfed area development
It promotes location-specific improved agronomics practices
 
  • Judicious use of Chemicals,
  • crop diversification,
  • crop-livestock farming systems
  • integrated approaches like sericulture, agro-forestry, fish farming etc.

 

Objectives 

  • To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate-resilient by promoting location specific integrated or composite farming systems.
  • To conserve natural resources through proper soil and moisture conservation measures.
  • To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil tests based on macro and micronutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.
  • To optimize utilization of power resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving 'more crop per drop'.
  • To develop the capacity of farmers and stakeholders, in conjunction with other ongoing Missions e.g.
  • National Mission on Agriculture Extension and Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture(NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures.
  • To pilot models in select blocks for improving the productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming irrigated technologies through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes like MGNREGS AND Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP), RKVY etc.
  • To establish an effective inter and intra Departmental or Ministerial coordination for accomplishing key deliverables of the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture under the aegis of NAPCC.
 
 

Components

 
Rainfed Area Development(RAD)
 
It will adopt an area-based approach for the development and conversation of natural resources along with farming systems.
 
Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF)
It launched in 2016-17 to encourage tree plantation on farmland "Har Medh Par Ped" along with a cropping system.
It is being implemented in the states which have liberalized transit regulations for selected tree species.

It provides additional opportunities for farmers, increasing tree cover will lead to higher carbon sequestration and complement the national initiatives on climate change adaptation and mitigation and enriching soil organic matter.

National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

Bamboo is a versatile group of plants which is capable of providing ecological, economic and livelihood security to the people.

India has the highest area under bamboo and second richest country, after China, in terms of bamboo diversity with 136 species(125 indigenous and 11 exotica)

 Soil Health Management (SHM)

 It will aim at promoting location as well as crop-specific sustainable soil health management.

Climate Change and Sustainable Agriculture: Monitoring, Modelling and Networking (CCSAMMN)

 It will provide creative and bidirectional (land or farmers to research or scientific establishments and vice versa) dissemination of climate change-related information and knowledge by way of piloting climate change adaptation or mitigation research or model projects in the domain of climate-smart sustainable management practices and integrated farming system suitable to local agro-climate conditions.

Structure 

 
National advisory committee (NAC) 
 
National Advisory Committee under the Chairmanship of Secretary Agriculture and cooperation.
 
Project Sanctioning Committee (PSC)

Standing Technical Committee (STC)

The Climate Change Cell (CCC) of DAC and FW along with the Soil and Land Use Survey of India (SLUSI) will serve as a knowledge networking centre for facilitating collaborative and interactive processes among stakeholders.
 
Subordinate Offices or Institutions of DAC and FW
 
  • Soil and Land Use Survey of India 
  • National Centre of Organic Farming (NCOF)
  • Central Fertilizer Quality Control and Training Institute (CFQCTI)

State Level Architecture

State Level Committee chaired by Agriculture Production Commissioner or Principal Secretary.
 
District Level Architecture 
 
District Mission Committee will be entrusted with project formulation, implementation and monitoring of NMSA.

 

 

 

 


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